Journal Article

Increased expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in <i>N</i>-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine-induced hamster pancreatic carcinogenesis and prevention of cancer development by ONO-1714, an iNOS inhibitor

Mami Takahashi, Tsukasa Kitahashi, Rikako Ishigamori, Michihiro Mutoh, Masami Komiya, Hidetaka Sato, Yoshihisa Kamanaka, Masao Naka, Takayuki Maruyama, Takashi Sugimura and Keiji Wakabayashi

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 29, issue 8, pages 1608-1613
Published in print August 2008 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online June 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgn152
Increased expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in N-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine-induced hamster pancreatic carcinogenesis and prevention of cancer development by ONO-1714, an iNOS inhibitor

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Elevated protein expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) has been observed in human pancreatic cancers and therefore, iNOS may play important roles in pancreatic carcinogenesis. This was examined in the present study, using an experimental model with N-nitrosobis(2-oxopropyl)amine (BOP)-treated hamsters. Reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction analysis demonstrated iNOS expression in a hamster pancreatic cancer cell line as well as in human pancreatic cancer cell lines. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed increased expression of iNOS protein in atypical hyperplasia and ductal adenocarcinomas of the pancreas in BOP-treated hamsters. In addition, iNOS expression was also observed in macrophages and islet cells in pancreatic tissue surrounding tumors. In order to assess the role of iNOS expression in carcinogenesis in the pancreas, the effects of ONO-1714 [(1S, 5S, 6R, 7R)-7-chloro-3-imino-5-methyl-2-azabicyclo[4.1.0]heptane], an iNOS inhibitor, on hamster pancreatic ductal carcinogenesis were investigated. Female Syrian golden hamsters were treated with BOP at 10 mg/kg body wt, four times for 1 week, and 1 week after the last carcinogen treatment, ONO-1714 was administered at doses of 100 and 200 p.p.m. in the diet for 15 weeks. The incidences and multiplicities of atypical hyperplasia and invasive adenocarcinoma and total adenocarcinomas (non-invasive and invasive adenocarcinomas) in the pancreas were significantly lowered by treatment with 200 p.p.m. ONO-1714. Treatment with 100 p.p.m. ONO-1714 also significantly decreased the multiplicities of invasive and total adenocarcinomas. Moreover, treatment with 200 p.p.m. ONO-1714 reduced the number of BOP-induced cholangiocellular tumors. These results suggest that iNOS plays roles in promoting pancreatic carcinogenesis in both early and late stages in hamsters.

Journal Article.  4496 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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