Journal Article

C/EBPβ regulates body composition, energy balance-related hormones and tumor growth

Jennifer Staiger, Mary J. Lueben, David Berrigan, Radek Malik, Susan N. Perkins, Stephen D. Hursting and Peter F. Johnson

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 30, issue 5, pages 832-840
Published in print May 2009 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online December 2008 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI:
C/EBPβ regulates body composition, energy balance-related hormones and tumor growth

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The prevalence of obesity, an established epidemiologic risk factor for many chronic diseases including cancer, has been steadily increasing in the US over several decades. The mechanisms used to regulate energy balance and adiposity and the relationship of these factors to cancer are not completely understood. Here we have used knockout mice to examine the roles of the transcription factors CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) β and C/EBPδ in regulating body composition and systemic levels of hormones such as insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), leptin and insulin that mediate energy balance. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry showed that C/EBPβ, either directly or indirectly, modulated body weight, fat content and bone density in both males and females, while the effect of C/EBPδ was minor and only affected adiposity and body weight in female animals. Levels of IGF-1, leptin and insulin in the serum were decreased in both male and female C/EBPβ−/− mice, and C/EBPβ was associated with their promoters in vivo. Moreover, colon adenocarcinoma cells displayed reduced tumorigenic potential when transplanted into C/EBPβ-deficient animals, especially males. Thus, C/EBPβ contributes to endocrine expression of IGF-1, leptin and insulin, which modulate energy balance and can contribute to cancer progression by creating a favorable environment for tumor cell proliferation and survival.

Journal Article.  6788 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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