Journal Article

Nitric oxide synthase gene polymorphisms and prostate cancer risk

Kyoung-Mu Lee, Daehee Kang, Sue Kyung Park, Sonja I. Berndt, Douglas Reding, Nilanjan Chatterjee, Stephen Chanock, Wen-Yi Huang and Richard B. Hayes

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 30, issue 4, pages 621-625
Published in print April 2009 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online January 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI:
Nitric oxide synthase gene polymorphisms and prostate cancer risk

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Nitric oxide (NO) induces cytotoxicity and angiogenesis, and may play a role in prostate carcinogenesis, potentially modulated by environmental exposures. We evaluated the association of prostate cancer with genetic polymorphisms in two genes related to intracellular NO: NOS2A [inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS); −2892T>C, Ex16 + 14C>T (S608L), IVS16 + 88T>G and IVS20 + 524G>A] and NOS3 [endothelial NOS; IVS1 − 762C>T, Ex7 − 43C>T (D258D), IVS7 − 26A>G, Ex8 − 63G>T (E298D) and IVS15 − 62G>T]. Prostate cancer cases (n = 1320) from the screening arm of the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial were frequency matched to controls (n = 1842), by age, race, time since initial screening and year of blood draw. An antioxidant score [range 3–12; low (3–7) versus high (8–12)] was created by summing the quartile levels of vitamin E, β-carotene and lycopene, which were coded from 1 to 4, respectively. The global tests for all eight single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (excluding NOS2A −2892T>C, with low minor allele frequency) were statistically significant for prostate cancer (P = 0.005), especially for aggressive cancer (stage III–IV or Gleason score ≥ 7) (P = 0.01). The NOS2A IVS16+88 GT/TT was associated with increased prostate caner risk (odds ratio = 1.24, 95% confidence interval = 1.00–1.54), whereas the IVS20+524 AG/GG was associated with decreased risk (0.77, 0.66–0.90). The NOS3 IVS7 − 26GG was associated with increased prostate caner risk (1.33, 1.07–1.64). All these SNPs showed significant associations with aggressive cancer and not for non-aggressive cancer. In the evaluation of effect modification, the effect of the NOS2A IVS16+88 GT/TT on aggressive cancer was stronger among subjects with higher antioxidant intake (1.61, 1.18–2.19; Pinteraction = 0.01). Our results suggest that NOS gene polymorphisms are genetic susceptibility factors for aggressive prostate cancer.

Journal Article.  3353 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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