Journal Article

Genetic polymorphisms in 85 DNA repair genes and bladder cancer risk

Stefan Michiels, Agnès Laplanche, Thomas Boulet, Philippe Dessen, Bertrand Guillonneau, Arnaud Méjean, François Desgrandchamps, Mark Lathrop, Alain Sarasin and Simone Benhamou

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 30, issue 5, pages 763-768
Published in print May 2009 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online February 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI:
Genetic polymorphisms in 85 DNA repair genes and bladder cancer risk

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  • Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics


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Several defense mechanisms have been developed and maintained during the evolution to protect human cells against damage produced from exogenous or endogenous sources. We examined the associations between bladder cancer and a panel of 652 polymorphisms from 85 genes involved in maintenance of genetic stability [base excision repair, nucleotide excision repair, double-strand break repair (DSBR) and mismatch repair, as well as DNA synthesis and cell cycle regulation pathways] in 201 incident bladder cancer cases and 326 hospital controls. Score statistics were used to test differences in haplotype frequencies between cases and controls in an unconditional logistic regression model. To account for multiple testing, we associated to each P-value the expected proportion of false discoveries (q-value). Haplotype analysis revealed significant associations (P < 0.01) between bladder cancer and two genes (POLB and FANCA) with an associated q-value of 24%. A permutation test was also used to determine whether, in each pathway analyzed, there are more variants whose allelic frequencies are different between cases and controls as compared with what would be expected by chance. Differences were found for cell cycle regulation (P = 0.02) and to a lesser extent for DSBR (P = 0.05) pathways. These results hint to a few potential candidate genes; however, our study was limited by the small sample size and therefore low statistical power to detect associations. It is anticipated that genome-wide association studies will open new perspectives for interpretation of the results of extensive candidate gene studies such as ours.

Journal Article.  4849 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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