Journal Article

Dual role for Id2 in chemical carcinogen-induced skin tumorigenesis

Atsushi Tokuriki, Tomonori Iyoda, Kayo Inaba, Koichi Ikuta, Shinji Fujimoto, Masanobu Kumakiri and Yoshifumi Yokota

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 30, issue 9, pages 1645-1650
Published in print September 2009 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online July 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgp172
Dual role for Id2 in chemical carcinogen-induced skin tumorigenesis

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Inhibitor of DNA binding 2 (Id2) is a negative regulator of basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors and is involved in the control of cellular differentiation and proliferation. By using a two-step chemical carcinogenesis protocol, we evaluated the role of Id2 in skin tumor formation in mice. Twenty weeks after the initiation, the number of tumors formed in the Id2−/− mice was 3.5-fold higher than that in their wild-type littermates, whereas the diameter of tumors in the Id2−/− mice was about half of that of the tumors in the wild-type mice. In the Id2−/− mice, epidermal γδ T cells, which play a key role in immunosurveillance against skin tumor development, were barely detectable. Although histological analyses demonstrated no apparent difference in tumor cell type, tumor vessel formation or apoptosis, the proportion of proliferating cells was reduced in the tumors in the Id2−/− mice compared with those in the wild-type mice. In the wild-type mice, the expression of Id2 was enhanced in skin tumors compared with that in ear epidermal cells. Biochemical analysis demonstrated that cyclin D1 was reduced at the protein level in the tumors in the Id2−/− mice, whereas other factors such as cyclin E and p27 were not altered significantly. Our results reveal that Id2 plays a dual role in skin tumorigenesis by suppressing tumor development through the establishment of epidermal γδ T cell-mediated skin immunosurveillance and by promoting tumor cell proliferation via the control of the cyclin D1 protein level.

Journal Article.  4140 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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