Journal Article

IkappaBalpha gene promoter polymorphisms are associated with hepatocarcinogenesis in patients infected with hepatitis B virus genotype C

Yongchao He, Hongwei Zhang, Jianhua Yin, Jiaxin Xie, Xiaojie Tan, Shijian Liu, Qian Zhang, Chengzhong Li, Jun Zhao, Hongyang Wang and Guangwen Cao

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 30, issue 11, pages 1916-1922
Published in print November 2009 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online October 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgp226

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Genetic predisposition of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB)-signaling pathways linking inflammation to hepatitis B virus (HBV)-induced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unresolved. We conducted a case–control study to determine the associations of the polymorphisms within the promoter regions of NFKB1 encoding NF-κB1 and NFKBIA encoding IkappaBalpha with the development of HCC. A total of 404 healthy controls, 482 non-HCC subjects with HBV infection and 202 patients with HCC were included. NFKB1 −94ATTG2 allele and GG allele in the 3′-untranslated region of NFKBIA were more prevalent in HCC patients than in the healthy controls. NFKBIA −826CT and NFKBIA −881AG allelic carriages were more prevalent in HCC patients than in the non-HCC subjects with HBV infection. The estimated haplotype frequency of NFKBIA promoter −881G−826T−519C was significantly higher in the patients with HCC than in the HBV-infected subjects without HCC (odds ratio = 3.142, P = 0.002). As compared with the HBV-infected subjects without HCC, NFKBIA −826 T and NFKBIA −881AG allelic carriages were only associated with HCC risk in the subjects with HBV genotype C. The association of NFKBIA −881AG allelic carriage with HCC risk was not affected by liver cirrhosis (LC) status, alanine aminotransferase level and hepatitis B e antigen status. By multivariate regression analysis, NFKB1 −94ATTG2, NFKBIA −826T, NFKBIA −881AG and HBV genotype C were independently associated with an increased risk of HCC. In conclusion, NFKB1 −94ATTG2 allele and haplotype −881G−826T−519C in NFKBIA promoter were associated with hepatocarcinogenesis. NFKBIA −826T and −881AG were associated with the risk of HCC in the subjects infected with HBV genotype C.

Journal Article.  4982 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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