Journal Article

The human intra-S checkpoint response to UVC-induced DNA damage

William K. Kaufmann

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 31, issue 5, pages 751-765
Published in print May 2010 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online September 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI:
The human intra-S checkpoint response to UVC-induced DNA damage

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  • Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics


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The intra-S checkpoint response to 254 nm light (UVC)-induced DNA damage appears to have dual functions to slow the rate of DNA synthesis and stabilize replication forks that become stalled at sites of UVC-induced photoproducts in DNA. These functions should provide more time for repair of damaged DNA before its replication and thereby reduce the frequencies of mutations and chromosomal aberrations in surviving cells. This review tries to summarize the history of discovery of the checkpoint, the current state of understanding of the biological features of intra-S checkpoint signaling and its mechanisms of action with a focus primarily on intra-S checkpoint responses in human cells. The differences in the intra-S checkpoint responses to UVC and ionizing radiation-induced DNA damage are emphasized. Evidence that [6-4]pyrimidine-pyrimidone photoproducts in DNA trigger the response is discussed and the relationships between cellular responses to UVC and the molecular dose of UVC-induced DNA damage are briefly summarized. The role of the intra-S checkpoint response in protecting against solar radiation carcinogenesis remains to be determined.

Journal Article.  15903 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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