Journal Article

Dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids suppress expression of EZH2 in breast cancer cells

Manjari Dimri, Prashant V. Bommi, Anagh A. Sahasrabuddhe, Janardan D. Khandekar and Goberdhan P. Dimri

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 31, issue 3, pages 489-495
Published in print March 2010 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online September 2009 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgp305
Dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids suppress expression of EZH2 in breast cancer cells

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The polycomb group (PcG) protein, enhancer of zeste homologue 2 (EZH2), is overexpressed in several human malignancies including breast cancer. Aberrant expression of EZH2 has been associated with metastasis and poor prognosis in cancer patients. Despite the clear role of EZH2 in oncogenesis and therapy failure, not much is known about chemotherapeutics and chemopreventive agents that can suppress its expression and activity. Here, we show that dietary omega-3 (ω-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) can regulate the expression of EZH2 in breast cancer cells. The treatment of breast cancer cells with ω-3 PUFAs, but not ω-6 PUFAs, led to downregulation of EZH2. Studies using proteosome inhibitor MG132 suggested that ω-3 PUFAs induce degradation of the PcG protein EZH2 through posttranslational mechanisms. Furthermore, downregulation of EZH2 by ω-3 PUFAs was accompanied by a decrease in histone 3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) activity of EZH2 and upregulation of E-cadherin and insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3, which are known targets of EZH2. Treatment with ω-3 PUFAs also led to decrease in invasion of breast cancer cells, an oncogenic phenotype that is known to be associated with EZH2. Thus, our studies suggest that the PcG protein EZH2 is an important target of ω-3 PUFAs and that downregulation of EZH2 may be involved in the mediation of anti-oncogenic and chemopreventive effects of ω-3 PUFAs.

Journal Article.  5013 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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