Journal Article

Resistance to transforming growth factor β-mediated tumor suppression in melanoma: are multiple mechanisms in place?

Ahmed Lasfar and Karine A. Cohen-Solal

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 31, issue 10, pages 1710-1717
Published in print October 2010 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online July 2010 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgq155
Resistance to transforming growth factor β-mediated tumor suppression in melanoma: are multiple mechanisms in place?

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Resistance to transforming growth factor (TGF) β-mediated tumor suppression in melanoma appears to be a crucial step in tumor aggressiveness since it is usually coupled with the ability of TGFβ to drive the oncogenic process via autocrine and paracrine effects. In this review, we will focus mainly on the mechanisms of escape from TGFβ-induced cell cycle arrest because the mechanisms of resistance to TGFβ-mediated apoptosis are still essentially speculative. As expected, some of these mechanisms can directly affect the function of the main downstream effectors of TGFβ, Smad2 and Smad3, resulting in compromised Smad-mediated antiproliferative activity. Other mechanisms can counteract or overcome TGFβ-mediated cell cycle arrest independently of the Smads. In melanoma, some models of resistance to TGFβ have been suggested and will be described. In addition, we propose additional models of resistance taking into consideration the information available on the dysregulation of fundamental cellular effectors and signaling pathways in melanoma.

Journal Article.  6797 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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