Journal Article

Influence of <i>GSTM1</i>, <i>GSTT1</i>, <i>GSTP1</i>, <i>NAT1</i>, <i>NAT2</i>, <i>EPHX1</i>, <i>MTR</i> and <i>MTHFR</i> polymorphism on chromosomal aberration frequencies in human lymphocytes

Camilla Furu Skjelbred, Marit Svendsen, Vera Haugan, Anette Kildal Eek, Kjell Oskar Clausen, Elin H. Kure, Jarno T. Tuimala, Martin Veel Svendsen, Hannu Norppa and Inger-Lise Hansteen

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 32, issue 3, pages 399-405
Published in print March 2011 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online November 2010 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgq246
Influence of GSTM1, GSTT1, GSTP1, NAT1, NAT2, EPHX1, MTR and MTHFR polymorphism on chromosomal aberration frequencies in human lymphocytes

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We have studied the influence of genetic polymorphisms in the xenobiotic-metabolizing genes GSTM1, GSTP1, GSTT1, EPHX1, NAT1 and NAT2 and the folate-metabolizing genes MTR and MTHFR on the frequencies of cells with chromosomal aberrations (CAs) in peripheral lymphocytes of Norwegian men. Log-linear Poisson regression models were applied on 357 subjects of whom data on all the polymorphisms examined were available. Total CAs and chromosome-type aberrations (CSAs) were significantly increased by higher age alone, whereas chromatid-type aberrations (CTAs) were elevated by the GSTT1-null genotype and MTHFR codon 222 variant allele and chromatid gaps (CTGs) by EPHX1 high activity genotype and occupational exposure. Stratification by smoking and age (<40 and ≥40 years) showed that the effect of the GSTT1 null and EPHX1 high activity genotypes only concerned (older) smokers, in agreement with the roles of the respective enzymes in detoxification and metabolic activation. The MTHFR codon 222 variant allele was associated with high CTGs in smokers, the MTR codon 919 variant allele with high CTAs in older smokers and the NAT2 fast acetylator genotype with high CTGs in older subjects. Among younger nonsmokers, however, carriers of the MTHFR codon 222 and MTR codon 919 variant alleles showed a decrease in the level of CTGs and total CAs, respectively. In conclusion, polymorphisms of GSTT1, EPHX1, MTHFR, MTR and NAT2 differentially affect the frequency of CTAs, CSAs and CTGs, showing interaction with smoking and age. It appears that CA subtypes rather than total CAs should be considered in this type of studies.

Journal Article.  5600 words. 

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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