Journal Article

Effect of zinc supplementation on <i>N</i>-nitrosomethylbenzylamine-induced forestomach tumor development and progression in tumor suppressor-deficient mouse strains

Jin Sun, James Liu, Xueliang Pan, Donald Quimby, Nicola Zanesi, Teresa Druck, Gerd P. Pfeifer, Carlo M. Croce, Louise Y. Fong and Kay Huebner

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 32, issue 3, pages 351-358
Published in print March 2011 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online November 2010 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgq251
Effect of zinc supplementation on N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine-induced forestomach tumor development and progression in tumor suppressor-deficient mouse strains

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Zinc deficiency is associated with high incidences of esophageal and other cancers in humans and leads to a highly proliferative hyperplastic condition in the upper gastrointestinal tract in laboratory rodents. Zn replenishment reduces the incidence of lingual, esophageal and forestomach tumors in Zn-deficient rats and mice. While previous animal studies focused on Zn deficiency, we have investigated the effect of Zn supplementation on carcinogenesis in Zn-sufficient mice of wild-type and tumor suppressor-deficient mouse strains. All mice received N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine and half the mice of each strain then received Zn supplementation. At killing, mice without Zn supplementation had developed more tumors than Zn-supplemented mice: wild-type C57BL/6 mice developed an average of 7.0 versus 5.0 tumors for Zn supplemented (P < 0.05); Zn-supplemented Fhit−/ mice averaged 5.7 versus 8.0 for control mice (P < 0.01); Zn-supplemented Fhit−/−Nit1−/ mice averaged 5.4 versus 9.2 for control mice (P < 0.01) and Zn-supplemented Fhit−/−Rassf1a−/ (the murine gene) mice averaged 5.9 versus 9.1 for control mice (P < 0.01). Zn supplementation reduced tumor burdens by 28% (wild-type) to 42% (Fhit−/−Nit1−/−). Histological analysis of forestomach tissues also showed significant decreases in severity of preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions in Zn-supplemented cohorts of each mouse strain. Thus, Zn supplementation significantly reduced tumor burdens in mice with multiple tumor suppressor deficiencies. When Zn supplementation was begun at 7 weeks after the final carcinogen dose, the reduction in tumor burden was the same as observed when supplementation began immediately after carcinogen dosing, suggesting that Zn supplementation may affect tumor progression rather than tumor initiation.

Journal Article.  5236 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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