Journal Article

A transcriptome signature distinguished sporadic from postradiotherapy radiation-induced sarcomas

Nabila-Sandra Hadj-Hamou, Nicolas Ugolin, Catherine Ory, Nathalie Britzen-Laurent, Xavier Sastre-Garau, Sylvie Chevillard and Bernard Malfoy

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 32, issue 6, pages 929-934
Published in print June 2011 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online April 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgr064
A transcriptome signature distinguished sporadic from postradiotherapy radiation-induced sarcomas

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Exposure to ionizing radiation is a known risk factor for cancer. However, up to now, rigorously defined scientific criteria that could establish case-by-case the radiation-induced (RI) origin of a tumour have been lacking. To identify genes that could constitute a RI signature, we compared the transcriptome of 12 sarcomas arising in the irradiation field of a primary tumour following radiotherapy with the transcriptome of 12 sporadic sarcomas. This learning/training set contained four leiomyosarcomas, four osteosarcomas and four angiosarcomas in each subgroup. We identified a signature of 135 genes discriminating RI from sporadic sarcomas. The robustness of this signature was tested by the blind case-by-case classification of an independent set of 36 sarcomas of various histologies. Thirty-one sarcomas were classified as RI or sporadic; it was not possible to propose an aetiology for the five others. After the code break, it was found that one sporadic sarcoma was misclassified as RI. Thus, the signature is robust with a sensitivity of 96%, a positive and a negative predictive value of 96 and 100%, respectively and a specificity of 62%. The functions of the genes of the signature suggest that RI sarcomas were subject to chronic oxidative stress probably due to mitochondrial dysfunction.

Journal Article.  4878 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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