Journal Article

Overexpression of Fn14 promotes androgen-independent prostate cancer progression through MMP-9 and correlates with poor treatment outcome

Mingguo Huang, Shintaro Narita, Norihiko Tsuchiya, Zhiyong Ma, Kazuyuki Numakura, Takashi Obara, Hiroshi Tsuruta, Mitsuru Saito, Takamitsu Inoue, Yohei Horikawa, Shigeru Satoh and Tomonori Habuchi

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 32, issue 11, pages 1589-1596
Published in print November 2011 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online August 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgr182
Overexpression of Fn14 promotes androgen-independent prostate cancer progression through MMP-9 and correlates with poor treatment outcome

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Fibroblast growth factor-inducible 14 (Fn14), a transmembrane receptor binding to the multifunctional cytokine tumor necrosis factor-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), is known to modulate many cellular activities including cancer progression. Here, we demonstrated the significant role of Fn14 in invasion, migration and proliferation of androgen-independent prostate cancer (AIPC) cells. Fn14 and its ligand TWEAK were highly expressed in two AIPC cell lines, DU 145 and PC-3, whereas expression was weak in androgen-sensitive LNCaP cells. Fn14 knockdown using small-interfering RNAs attenuated migration, invasion and proliferation and enhanced apoptosis in the AIPC cell lines. Both forced overexpression of Fn14 by stable Fn14 complementary DNA transfection to PC-3 cells (PC-3/Fn14) and ligand activation by recombinant TWEAK in PC-3 cells enhanced invasion. Fn14 was shown to modulate expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, and MMP-9 mediated the invasive potential influenced by Fn14 in PC-3 cells. In vivo, subcutaneous xenografts of PC-3/Fn14 grew significantly faster than xenograft of PC-3/Mock, and the invasive capacity in PC-3/Fn14 was found to be higher than that of PC-3/Mock as evaluated in an invasion model of the diaphragm. Furthermore, the messenger RNA expressions of MMP-9 in PC-3/Fn14 xenografts were significantly higher than those in PC-3/Mock xenografts. Clinically, high expression of Fn14 was significantly associated with higher prostate-specific antigen recurrence rate in patients who underwent radical prostatectomy. In conclusion, the overexpression of Fn14 may contribute to multiple malignant cellular phenotypes associated with prostate cancer (PCa) progression, in part via MMP-9. TWEAK-Fn14 signaling may be a novel therapeutic target of PCa.

Journal Article.  5730 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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