Journal Article

14-3-3σ and p63 play opposing roles in epidermal tumorigenesis

Qiutang Li, Sumitha A.T. Sambandam, Helen J. Lu, Alexander Thomson, Sung-hye Kim, Huayi Lu, Ying Xin and Qingxian Lu

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 32, issue 12, pages 1782-1788
Published in print December 2011 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online September 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgr207
14-3-3σ and p63 play opposing roles in epidermal tumorigenesis

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14-3-3σ plays a regulatory role in epidermal epithelial differentiation and loss of 14-3-3σ leads to increased proliferation and impaired differentiation. A tumor suppressor function for 14-3-3σ has been proposed based on the fact that some epithelial-derived tumors lose 14-3-3σ expression. p63, a p53 family member, is a master regulator of epidermal epithelial proliferation and differentiation and is necessary for the epidermal development. The function of p63 in tumorigenesis is still controversial and poorly defined as multiple isoforms have been found to play either collaborative or opposing roles. By using ‘repeated epilation’ heterozygous (Er/+) mice containing a dominant-negative 14-3-3σ mutation, the functional relationship of p63 with 14-3-3σ in epidermal proliferation, differentiation and tumorigenesis was investigated. It was found that p63, particularly the ΔNp63α isoform, was strongly expressed in 14-3-3σ-deficient keratinocytes and knockdown of p63 remarkably inhibited proliferation in these cells. To study the functional roles of 14-3-3σ and p63 in epidermal tumorigenesis, we adopted a 7,12-dimethylbenzanthracene/12-O-tetradecanoyl-phorbol-13-acetate (DMBA/TPA) two-stage tumorigenesis procedure to induce formation of skin papillomas and squamous cell carcinomas in Er/+ mice and identified strong p63 expression in resultant tumors. The loss of one allele of p63 caused by the generation of Er/+/p63+/− double compound mice decreased the sensitivity to DMBA-/TPA-induced tumorigenesis as compared with Er/+ mice. This study shows that p63 and 14-3-3σ play opposing roles in the development of skin tumors and that the accumulation of p63 is essential for Ras/14-3-3σ mutation-induced papilloma formation and squamous cell carcinoma carcinogenesis.

Journal Article.  5431 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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