Journal Article

TSSC3 overexpression associates with growth inhibition, apoptosis induction and enhances chemotherapeutic effects in human osteosarcoma

Huanzi Dai, Yusheng Huang, Yi Li, Gang Meng, Yongqiang Wang and Qiao-Nan Guo

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 33, issue 1, pages 30-40
Published in print January 2012 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online October 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgr232
TSSC3 overexpression associates with growth inhibition, apoptosis induction and enhances chemotherapeutic effects in human osteosarcoma

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Loss of expression of TSSC3, an apoptosis-related imprinted gene, has been reported in several cases of malignant tumors. However, the roles and mechanisms of TSSC3 in human osteosarcoma remain to be defined. In this study, we found TSSC3 to be downregulated during osteosarcoma transformation and progression in osteosarcoma cell lines and tissues. The SaOS2 cell line was used to further evaluate the precise role of TSSC3 in osteosarcoma development. Overexpression of TSSC3 markedly reduced cell vitality and growth, colony formation, Ki67 expression as well as cell cycle arrest in the G0/G1 phase. Consistently, TSSC3 overexpression was associated with increased apoptosis assayed by annexin V/propidium iodide and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling staining. Subcutaneous injection of TSSC3 overexpressing SaOS2 cells into athymic nude mice showed that TSSC3 also inhibited tumorigenesis through growth inhibition and apoptosis induction in vivo. Further mechanistic studies revealed that the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway was required for TSSC3-mediated cell apoptosis. These findings support a suppressor role for TSSC3 in osteosracoma development by regulating apoptosis. In addition, constitutive TSSC3 expression greatly enhanced the sensitivity of human osteosarcoma cells to the chemotherapeutic drugs cisplatin and epirubicin. Conversely, TSSC3 knockdown increased SaOS2 cell growth and decreased apoptosis in vitro and in vivo and reduced sensitivity of the cells to chemotherapy. This is the first study to demonstrate that TSSC3 has a potent tumor suppressor role in osteosarcoma, probably by inhibition of growth and induction of apoptosis via the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway.

Journal Article.  9154 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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