Journal Article

Epigenetic subclassification of meningiomas based on genome-wide DNA methylation analyses

Yugo Kishida, Atsushi Natsume, Yutaka Kondo, Ichiro Takeuchi, Byonggu An, Yasuyuki Okamoto, Keiko Shinjo, Kiyoshi Saito, Hitoshi Ando, Fumiharu Ohka, Yoshitaka Sekido and Toshihiko Wakabayashi

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 33, issue 2, pages 436-441
Published in print February 2012 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online November 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgr260
Epigenetic subclassification of meningiomas based on genome-wide DNA methylation analyses

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Meningiomas are among the most common intracranial tumors and are mostly curable by surgical resection. However, some populations of meningiomas with benign histological profiles show malignant behavior. The reasons for this inconsistency are yet to be ascertained, and novel diagnostic criteria other than the histological one are urgently needed. The aim of the present study is to subclassify meningiomas from the viewpoint of gene methylation and to determine the subgroup with malignant characteristics. Thirty meningiomas were analyzed using microarrays for 6157 genes and were classified into three clusters on the basis of their methylation status; these were found to be independent of the histological grading. One of the clusters showed a high frequency of recurrence, with a marked accumulation of methylation in a subset of genes. We hypothesized that the aggressive meningiomas universally share characteristic methylation in certain genes; therefore, we chose the genes that strongly contributed to cluster formation. The quantified methylation values of five chosen genes (HOXA6, HOXA9, PENK, UPK3A and IGF2BP1) agreed well with microarray findings, and a scoring system consisting of the five genes significantly correlated with a high frequency of recurrence in an additional validation set of 32 patients. Of particular note is that three cases with malignant transformation already showed hypermethylation at histologically benign stage. In conclusion, a subgroup of meningiomas is characterized by aberrant hypermethylation of the subset of genes in the early stage of tumorigenesis, and our findings highlight the possibility of speculating potential malignancy of meningiomas by assessing methylation status.

Journal Article.  4621 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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