Journal Article

Aberrant cyclin A expression and centrosome overduplication induced by hepatitis B virus Pre-S2 mutants and its implication in hepatocarcinogenesis

Lily Hui-Ching Wang, Wenya Huang, Ming-Derg Lai and Ih-Jen Su

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 33, issue 2, pages 466-472
Published in print February 2012 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online December 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgr296
Aberrant cyclin A expression and centrosome overduplication induced by hepatitis B virus Pre-S2 mutants and its implication in hepatocarcinogenesis

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Ground glass hepatocytes harboring hepatitis B virus (HBV) pre-S2 mutants have been recognized as pre-neoplastic lesions of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The pre-S2 mutants accumulated in endoplasmic reticulum (ER) can induce ER stress, upregulate cyclin A and promote hepatocyte proliferation. Notably, cyclin A was aberrantly detected in the cytoplasm, instead of nucleus, of pre-S2 mutant-transgenic mice livers, thereby raising the potential role of cytoplasmic cyclin A in HBV hepatocarcinogenesis. In this study, we confirmed that cyclin A was detected in the cytoplasm in the majority of HBV-related HCC tissues. In vitro, the pre-S2 mutant-initiated ER stress could induce cytoplasmic cyclin A mediated via cleavage by the calcium-dependent protease μ-calpain, resulting in an N-terminal truncated product which was preferentially located in the cytoplasm. The aberrant cyclin A expression subsequently induced centrosome overduplication, and this effect was abolished by calpain-specific inhibitors or RNA interference targeting to cyclin A. Overall, our data indicate that HBV pre-S2 mutant may elicit aberrant cyclin A expression and centrosome overduplication through ER stress induction and thereby represent a potential mechanism for the chromosome instability in HBV hepatocarcinogenesis.

Journal Article.  4781 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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