Journal Article

Downregulation of <i>miR-144</i> is associated with colorectal cancer progression via activation of <i>mTOR</i> signaling pathway

Takeshi Iwaya, Takehiko Yokobori, Naohiro Nishida, Ryunosuke Kogo, Tomoya Sudo, Fumiaki Tanaka, Kohei Shibata, Genta Sawada, Yusuke Takahashi, Masahisa Ishibashi, Go Wakabayashi, Masaki Mori and Koshi Mimori

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 33, issue 12, pages 2391-2397
Published in print December 2012 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online September 2012 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgs288
Downregulation of miR-144 is associated with colorectal cancer progression via activation of mTOR signaling pathway

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The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a downstream integrator of essential pathways. mTOR signaling is frequently dysregulated in a variety of human cancers, and in silico analysis has revealed two miR-144 binding sites in the mTOR 3′ untranslated region. We investigated the clinicopathologic magnitude of the mTOR pathway regulating microRNA, miR-144 in colorectal cancer (CRC) cases. The regulation of mTOR by miR-144 was examined with inhibitor miR-144-transfected cells. We also investigated changes in sensitivity to the mTOR inhibitor, rapamycin, in inhibitor miR-144-transfected cells. Quantitative RT-PCR was used to evaluate the clinicopathologic significance of miR-144 expression in 137 CRC. Furthermore, we assessed the correlation between CRC prognosis and the expression of 16 genes in the Akt/mTOR pathway. In vitro assays showed that mTOR is a direct target of miR-144, and downregulation of miR-144 facilitated proliferation of CRC cell line, HT29. In addition, the viability of HT29 cells with downregulated miR-144 expression was significantly reduced with rapamycin treatment. Low expression levels of miR-144 were associated with enhanced malignant potential such as venous invasion (P = 0.0013), liver metastasis (P = 0.08), liver recurrence (P = 0.0058) and poor prognosis (P = 0.0041). Multivariate analysis indicated that low miR-144 expression was an independent prognostic factor for survival. Among many genes consisting of the mTOR pathway, only high expression of Rictor was associated with poor prognosis of CRC. miR-144 is a meaningful prognostic marker. Downregulation of miR-144 leads to poor prognosis of CRC patients via activation of the mTOR signaling pathway.

Journal Article.  5273 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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