Journal Article

Increased PrLZ-mediated androgen receptor transactivation promotes prostate cancer growth at castration-resistant stage

Lei Li, Hongjun Xie, Liang Liang, Ye Gao, Dong Zhang, Leiya Fang, Soo Ok Lee, Jie Luo, Xingfa Chen, Xinyang Wang, Luke S. Chang, Shuyuan Yeh, Yuzhuo Wang, Dalin He and Chawnshang Chang

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 34, issue 2, pages 257-267
Published in print February 2013 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online October 2012 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgs337
Increased PrLZ-mediated androgen receptor transactivation promotes prostate cancer growth at castration-resistant stage

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Most advanced prostate cancers (PCa) will develop into the castration-resistant stage following androgen deprivation therapy, yet the molecular mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we found PrLZ, a newly identified Prostate Leucine Zipper gene that is highly expressed in PCa could interact with the androgen receptor (AR) directly leading to enhance AR transactivation in the castration-resistant condition. PrLZ might enhance AR transactivation via a change of AR conformation that leads to promotion of AR nuclear translocation and suppression of AR degradation via modulating the proteasome pathway, which resulted in increased prostate-specific antigen expression and promoted PCa growth at the castration-resistant stage. Clinical PCa sample survey from same-patient paired specimens found increased PrLZ expression in castration-resistant PCa following the classical androgen deprivation therapy. Targeting the AR-PrLZ complex via ASC-J9® or PrLZ-siRNA resulted in suppression of PCa growth in various human PCa cells and in vivo mouse PCa models. Together, these data not only strengthen PrLZ roles in the transition from androgen dependence to androgen independence during the castration-resistant stage, but they may also provide a new potential therapy to battle PCa at the castration-resistant stage.

Journal Article.  6722 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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