Journal Article

Curcumin-induced mitotic arrest is characterized by spindle abnormalities, defects in chromosomal congression and DNA damage

Louise M. Blakemore, Christoph Boes, Rebecca Cordell and Margaret M. Manson

in Carcinogenesis

Volume 34, issue 2, pages 351-360
Published in print February 2013 | ISSN: 0143-3334
Published online November 2012 | e-ISSN: 1460-2180 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/carcin/bgs345

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The chemopreventive agent curcumin has anti-proliferative effects in many tumour types, but characterization of cell cycle arrest, particularly with physiologically relevant concentrations, is still incomplete. Following oral ingestion, the highest concentrations of curcumin are achievable in the gut. Although it has been established that curcumin induces arrest at the G2/M stage of the cell cycle in colorectal cancer lines, it is not clear whether arrest occurs at the G2/M transition or in mitosis. To elucidate the precise stage of arrest, we performed a direct comparison of the levels of curcumin-induced G2/M boundary and mitotic arrest in eight colorectal cancer lines (Caco-2, DLD-1, HCA-7, HCT116p53+/+, HCT116p53/, HCT116p21/, HT-29 and SW480). Flow cytometry confirmed that these lines underwent G2/M arrest following treatment for 12h with clinically relevant concentrations of curcumin (5–10 μM). In all eight lines, the majority of this arrest occurred at the G2/M transition, with a proportion of cells arresting in mitosis. Examination of the mitotic index using fluorescence microscopy showed that the HCT116 and Caco-2 lines exhibited the highest levels of curcumin-induced mitotic arrest. Image analysis revealed impaired mitotic progression in all lines, exemplified by mitotic spindle abnormalities and defects in chromosomal congression. Pre-treatment with inhibitors of the DNA damage signalling pathway abrogated curcumin-induced mitotic arrest, but had little effect at the G2/M boundary. Moreover, pH2A.X staining seen in mitotic, but not interphase, cells suggests that this aberrant mitosis results in DNA damage.

Journal Article.  5993 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Clinical Cytogenetics and Molecular Genetics

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