Journal Article

Attention Modulates Gamma-band Oscillations Differently in the Human Lateral Occipital Cortex and Fusiform Gyrus

Catherine Tallon-Baudry, Olivier Bertrand, Marie-Anne Hénaff, Jean Isnard and Catherine Fischer

in Cerebral Cortex

Volume 15, issue 5, pages 654-662
Published in print May 2005 | ISSN: 1047-3211
Published online September 2004 | e-ISSN: 1460-2199 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhh167
Attention Modulates Gamma-band Oscillations Differently in the Human Lateral Occipital Cortex and Fusiform Gyrus

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We studied the existence, localization and attentional modulation of gamma-band oscillatory activity (30–130 Hz) in the human intracranial region. Two areas known to play a key role in visual object processing: the lateral occipital (LO) cortex and the fusiform gyrus. These areas consistently displayed large gamma oscillations during visual stimulus encoding, while other extrastriate areas remained systematically silent, across 14 patients and 291 recording sites scattered throughout extrastriate visual cortex. The lateral extent of the responsive regions was small, in the range of 5 mm. Induced gamma oscillations and evoked potentials were not systematically co-localized. LO and the fusiform gyrus displayed markedly different patterns of attentional modulation. In the fusiform gyrus, attention enhanced stimulus-driven gamma oscillations. In LO, attention increased the baseline level of gamma oscillations during the expectation period preceding the stimulus. Subsequent gamma oscillations produced by attended stimuli were smaller than those produced by unattended, irrelevant stimuli. Attentional modulations of gamma oscillations in LO and the fusiform gyrus were thus very different, both in their time-course (preparatory period and/or stimulus processing) and direction of modulation (increase or decrease). Our results thus suggest that the functional role of gamma oscillations depends on the area in which they occur.

Keywords: attention; extrastriate cortex; intracranial EEG; synchrony; vision

Journal Article.  7666 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience

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