Journal Article

Development and Validation of a Stability-Indicating Method for Determination of Free Sterols in the Asian Medicinal Leech <i>Hirudo manillensis</i>

Fatima Hasan, Roop K. Khar, Farhan J. Ahmad, Sayeed Ahmad, Mushir Ali, Zeenat Iqbal and Mohammed H. Reza

in Journal of Chromatographic Science

Volume 50, issue 8, pages 673-679
Published in print September 2012 | ISSN: 0021-9665
Published online May 2012 | e-ISSN: 1945-239X | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/chromsci/bms076
Development and Validation of a Stability-Indicating Method for Determination of Free Sterols in the Asian Medicinal Leech Hirudo manillensis

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A rapid, simple, sensitive, selective, precise and robust thin-layer chromatography densitometric method for the determination of free sterols in leech was developed and validated on silica gel layer using carbon tetrachloride–methanol–formic acid (9.5:1.5:0.55, v/v/v). Spectrodensitometric scanning was carried using a Camag TLC scanner III at 366 nm after spraying 2% methanolic sulphuric acid, which gave compact spots for cholesterol (RF = 0.35 ± 0.02). The regression analysis data for calibration plot implied a good linear relationship (r2 = 0.99958) between response and concentration over the range 100–600 ng per spot with respect to peak area. The limits of detection and quantification were found to be 13.8 ± 0.51 and 45.01 ± 1.29 ng per spot, respectively. Validation was in accordance to the International Conference on Harmonization guidelines. Cholesterol was subjected to forced stress conditions of oxidation, hydrolysis and heat. Degradation products resulting from the forced stress did not interfere with detection because the degradant peaks were well separated from the cholesterol peak. The densitometric method can be regarded as stability-indicating and can be used for quality control assay of cholesterol in leech extract.

Journal Article.  3586 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Chemistry

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