Journal Article

Transmission of Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Influenza to Healthcare Personnel in the United States

Matthew E. Wise, Marie De Perio, John Halpin, Michael Jhung, Shelley Magill, Stephanie R. Black, Susan I. Gerber, Kathleen Harriman, Jon Rosenberg, Gwen Borlaug, Lyn Finelli, Sonja J. Olsen, David L. Swerdlow and Alexander J. Kallen

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 52, issue suppl_1, pages S198-S204
Published in print January 2011 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online January 2011 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciq038
Transmission of Pandemic (H1N1) 2009 Influenza to Healthcare Personnel in the United States

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After identification of pandemic 2009 influenza (pH1N1) in the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) worked with state and local health officials to characterize infections among healthcare personnel (HCP). Detailed information, including likely routes of exposure, was reported for 70 HCP from 22 states. Thirty-five cases (50%) were classified as being infected in healthcare settings, 18 cases (26%) were considered to have been infected in community settings, and no definitive source was identified for 17 cases (24%). Of the 23 HCP infected by ill patients, only 20% reported using an N95 respirator or surgical mask during all encounters and more than half worked in outpatient clinics. In addition to community transmission, likely patient-to-HCP and HCP-to-HCP transmission were identified in healthcare settings, highlighting the need for comprehensive infection control strategies including administration of influenza vaccine, appropriate management of ill HCP, and adherence to infection control precautions.

Journal Article.  3722 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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