Journal Article

Simon Bolivar's Medical Labyrinth: An Infectious Diseases Conundrum

Paul G. Auwaerter, John Dove and Philip A. Mackowiak

in Clinical Infectious Diseases

Published on behalf of Infectious Diseases Society of America

Volume 52, issue 1, pages 78-85
Published in print January 2011 | ISSN: 1058-4838
Published online January 2011 | e-ISSN: 1537-6591 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cid/ciq071
Simon Bolivar's Medical Labyrinth: An Infectious Diseases Conundrum

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According to history books, tuberculosis was responsible for the death of Simon Bolivar at the age of 47 years in 1830. The results of an autopsy performed by Alexandre Prospère Révérend, the French physician who cared for him during the terminal phase of his illness, have long been regarded as proof of the diagnosis. On careful reanalysis of Bolivar's medical history and post mortem examination, we reach a different conclusion. On the basis of several critical clinical, epidemiological, and pathological features of his fatal disorder, we conclude that either paracoccidioidomycosis or bacterial bronchiectasis complicating chronic arsenic intoxication was more likely responsible for his death than was tuberculous “consumption.”

Journal Article.  3331 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Infectious Diseases ; Immunology ; Public Health and Epidemiology ; Microbiology

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