Journal Article

Education of Deaf Students in Spain: Legal and Educational Politics Developments

María del Pilar Fernández-Viader and Mariana Fuentes

in The Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education

Volume 9, issue 3, pages 327-332
Published in print June 2004 | ISSN: 1081-4159
Published online June 2004 | e-ISSN: 1465-7325 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/deafed/enh035
Education of Deaf Students in Spain: Legal and Educational Politics Developments

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This article examines the legal instruments and educational politics affecting deaf persons' educational rights in Spain. We present a historical view of deaf education in Spain before and after the Congress of Milan (1880) and then introduce educational legislation and practices in recent decades. At present, Spanish legislation is moving toward recognition of sign languages and the suitability of bilingual education for deaf students at all educational levels. This is a consequence of taking into account the low academic achievement of two generations of deaf students educated in a monolingual model. Bilingual projects are now run throughout Spain. We emphasize that efforts must be made in the legal sphere to regulate the way in which professionals who know sign language and Deaf culture—teachers, interpreters, deaf adult models—are incorporated in bilingual deaf schools.

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Subjects: Education ; Linguistics ; Teaching of Specific Groups and Special Educational Needs

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