Journal Article

The Effect of Task in Deaf Readers’ Graphophonological Processes: A Longitudinal Study

Daniel Daigle, Rachel Berthiaume and Elisabeth Demont

in The Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education

Volume 17, issue 3, pages 352-366
Published in print November 2012 | ISSN: 1081-4159
Published online November 2012 | e-ISSN: 1465-7325 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/deafed/ens012
The Effect of Task in Deaf Readers’ Graphophonological Processes: A Longitudinal Study

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This article reports on an investigation of graphophonological processes in deaf readers of French over a 1-year period. Deaf readers are known to have a phonological deficit compared to hearing peers, and conclusions from studies on this question are often conflicting. Among the different types of phonological processing, we can identify graphophonological processes based on correspondences between the oral and the written language. In this investigation, we evaluated graphophonemic and graphosyllabic processes using, in each case, two different tasks varying in their degree of cognitive constraints (CC− vs. CC+). Nineteen 11 year-old deaf students were compared to younger normal readers of the same reading level (RA, n = 17) and to normal readers of the same age (CA, n = 20). Two variables were considered in the analyses: accuracy and response latency. Results show that deaf readers do process written items at the graphophonological level and that graphophonological processes are related to reading ability. Also, results indicate main effects of task (CC− vs. CC+), time (T1 vs. T2), and group. In general, deaf participants’ performances are comparable to those of RA and differ from those of CA. Results are discussed within the framework of the study of phonology in deaf readers and its relation to reading acquisition.

Journal Article.  9788 words. 

Subjects: Education ; Linguistics ; Teaching of Specific Groups and Special Educational Needs

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