Journal Article

Characterization and Genetic Mapping of Simple Sequence Repeats in the Rice Genome

Akio Miyao, Hui Sun Zhong, Lisa Monna, Masahiro Yano, Kimiko Yamamoto, Ilkka Havukkala, Yuzo Minobe and Takuji Sasaki

in DNA Research

Published on behalf of Kazusa DNA Research Institute

Volume 3, issue 4, pages 233-238
Published in print January 1996 | ISSN: 1340-2838
Published online January 1996 | e-ISSN: 1756-1663 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/dnares/3.4.233

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We searched partial sequences of over 22,706 rice cDNA and 1220 genomic DNA clones to find and characterize simple sequence repeats (SSRs) in the rice genome. The most frequently found repeated SSR motif in both cDNA and genomic DNA sequences was d(CCG/CGG)n. The second most frequently found SSR was d(AG/CT)n. In contrast with mammalian genomes, in which d(AC/GT)n sequences are the most abundant, d(AC/GT)n sequences were not frequently observed in rice. Sequences containing d(CCG/CGG)n, d(AG/CT)n repeats, and other SSRs were chosen for polymorphism detection. It was predicted that 17 of 20 SSRs in cDNA sequences were located in 5′-untranslated regions near initiation codons. Twenty-two loci can be mapped on our RFLP linkage map by these SSRs. Six markers were tested with 16 japonica rice varieties as templates for PCR. Two markers exhibited amplified fragment length polymorphism among these rice varieties, implying that SSRs are polymorphic among rice varieties which have similar genetic backgrounds. Even these polymorphic SSRs are located within or around genes which code ubiquitous proteins.

Keywords: Oryza sativa; linkage mapping; microsatellites; sequence tagged sites (STS); expressed sequence tags (EST)

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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