Journal Article

A Novel Control System for Polymerase Chain Reaction Using a RIKEN GS384 Thermalcycler

Nobuya Sasaki, Masaki Izawa, Masahito Shimojo, Kazuhiro Shibata, Jun-ichi Akiyama, Masayoshi Itoh, Sumiharu Nagaoka, Piero Carninci, Yasushi Okazaki, Tetsuya Moriuchi, Masami Muramatsu, Sachihiko Watanabe and Yoshihide Hayashizaki

in DNA Research

Published on behalf of Kazusa DNA Research Institute

Volume 4, issue 6, pages 387-391
Published in print January 1997 | ISSN: 1340-2838
Published online January 1997 | e-ISSN: 1756-1663 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/dnares/4.6.387

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We have developed a novel high-throughput thermalcycler, the RIKEN GS384, which has a maximum of 1536 wells and whose temperature can be controlled accurately and simultaneously for a very small volume of a reaction mixture. In practice, the reaction is carried out using four 384-well (3.5 mm in diameter) plate formats which can be automatically moved using a robotic arm. To achieve accurate temperature control with high thermo-conductivity, we adopted Teflon-coated aluminum well plates closely sandwiched between silicon sheet-covered lids on top and a graphite sheet below. The lids were kept at a higher temperature (2 to 5°C) than the reaction wells. The temperature of the 1536 sample wells was controlled accurately without temperature variability among the wells or evaporation, even for samples of very small volume (minimum 2 μl). We also developed a new type of plate format which is similar to the 384-well place in terms of plate size, shape, and material, but which differs in the number (1536) and size (1.6 mm in diameter) of the wells. Since the amplification reactions could be done precisely as well, a total of 6144 reactions can potentially be carried out simultaneously using the GS384 thermalcycler. This is very promising for DNA microfabrication technology. This thermalcycler offers the advantage of high-throughput DNA analysis which should be useful for DNA diagnoses or for the human genome project.

Keywords: PCR; thermalcycler; high-throughput; temperature control

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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