Journal Article

Experimental Analysis of Recently Transposed Insertion Sequences in the Cyanobacterium <i>Synechocystis</i> sp. PCC 6803

Shinobu Okamoto, Masahiko Ikeuchi and Masayuki Ohmori

in DNA Research

Published on behalf of Kazusa DNA Research Institute

Volume 6, issue 5, pages 265-273
Published in print January 1999 | ISSN: 1340-2838
Published online January 1999 | e-ISSN: 1756-1663 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/dnares/6.5.265

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The genome DNA of the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 carries a number of insertion sequences (Kaneko, T. et al. 1996, DNA Res., 3, 109–136). We analyzed one of the abundant ISs (ISY203 group of IS4 family) in the common three substrains of Synechocystis and found that the four ISs with identical nucleotide sequences were present only in the “Kazusa” strain, whose complete genome sequence had been determined, while absent in ancestral strains (the original strain from Pasteur Culture Collection and its glucose-tolerant derivative). Three of these ISs were found in the genomic sequence as transposase genes of sll1474, sll1780 and slr1635. The fourth was on the plasmid, pSYSM. On the other hand, all three strains had a novel IS (denoted ISY203x), of which the nucleotide sequence was totally identical to the four ISs found only in the Kazusa strain. Since the flanking regions of ISY203x did not match any part of the genome or of the known plasmids of Synechocystis, it is presumably located on a yet uncharacterized plasmid. These suggest that the four ISs in Kazusa strain were recently transposed from ISY203x. Apparently, the transposition inactivated four preexisting genes, of which modified forms are presented as putative genes (sll1473, sll1475, slr1862, slr1863, slr1635 and ssl2982) in the list of the complete genome (CyanoBase: ). The possible effects of transposition of ISs in Synechocystis are discussed in relation to phenotypic mutations and microevolution.

Keywords: insertion sequence; transposition; cyanobacterium; Synechocystis; phytochrome-like protein; genome

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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