Journal Article

<i>Tnat1</i> and <i>Tnat2</i> from <i>Arabidopsis thaliana</i>: Novel Transposable Elements with Tandem Repeat Sequences

Kenichi Noma and Eiichi Ohtsubo

in DNA Research

Published on behalf of Kazusa DNA Research Institute

Volume 7, issue 1, pages 1-7
Published in print January 2000 | ISSN: 1340-2838
Published online January 2000 | e-ISSN: 1756-1663 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/dnares/7.1.1

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A computer-aided homology search of databases found that the nucleotide sequences flanking ATLN44, a non-LTR retrotransposon (LINE) from Arabidopsis thaliana, are repeated in the A. thaliana genome. These sequences are homologous to flanking sequences of 664 bp with terminal inverted repeat sequences of about 70 bp. The 664-bp sequence and most of the 14 homologues identified were flanked by direct repeat sequences of 9 bp. These findings indicate that the repeated sequence, named Tnat1, is a transposable element that duplicates a 9-bp sequence at the target site on transposition and that ATLN44 is inserted in one Tnat1 member. Interestingly, all of the Tnat1 members had tandem repeats comprised of several units of a 60-bp sequence, the number of repeats differing among Tnat1 members. Of the Tnat1 members identified, one was inserted into another sequence repeated in the A. thaliana genome: that sequence is about 770 bp long and has terminal inverted repeat sequences of about 110 bp. The sequence is flanked by direct repeats of a 9-bp sequence, indicating that it is another transposable element, named Tnat2, from A. thaliana. Moreover, Tnat2 members had a tandem repeat about 240 bp long. Tnat1 and Tnat2 with tandem repeats in their internal regions show no homology to each other or to any of the elements identified previously; therefore they appear to be novel transposable elements.

Keywords: Arabidopsis thaliana; transposable element; tandem repeats; target site duplication

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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