Journal Article

Characterization of Equine Microsatellites and Microsatellite-Linked Repetitive Elements (eMLREs) by Efficient Cloning and Genotyping Methods

Teruaki Tozaki, Suguru Mashima, Kei-ichi Hirota, Nam-HO Choi-Miura and Motowo Tomita

in DNA Research

Published on behalf of Kazusa DNA Research Institute

Volume 8, issue 1, pages 33-45
Published in print January 2001 | ISSN: 1340-2838
Published online January 2001 | e-ISSN: 1756-1663 | DOI:

Show Summary Details


We performed efficient cloning and genotyping methods for isolation of a large number of polymorphic microsatellites. The methods contain the time-efficient cloning method of constructing microsatellite-enriched libraries and the economic genotyping method of fluorescent labeling of PCR products. Eighty novel equine microsatellites cloned were efficiently isolated from the enrichment library and analyzed for genotype polymorphism. Of these, 72 microsatellites were analyzed with a good resolution. The average heterozygosity of all loci was 0.52, and the number of alleles ranged from one to 9 with an average of 4.5 alleles. The other eight loci showed multiple bands of PCR products, suggesting the occurrence of microsatellites in a repetitive element, in which the number of microsatellite repeats varies among different members of the repetitive element.

We found five homologous groups at flanking regions in comparison with the flanking regions of microsatellites from DNA databases. One of them showed homology to equine repetitive element-2. In the other four homologous groups, the two groups were named equine microsatellite-linked repetitive element-1 (eMLRE-1) and equine microsatellite-linked repetitive element-2 (eMLRE-2) as novel equine repetitive elements identified from equine genome. These data should help the analysis of equine DNA sequences and the design of equine genome markers.

Keywords: Equine; microsatellite; repetitive element; polymorphism; MLRE

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.