Journal Article

Analysis of Muscle and Ovary Transcriptome of <i>Sus scrofa</i>: Assembly, Annotation and Marker Discovery

Qinghua Nie, Meixia Fang, Xinzheng Jia, Wei Zhang, Xiaoning Zhou, Xiaomei He and Xiquan Zhang

in DNA Research

Published on behalf of Kazusa DNA Research Institute

Volume 18, issue 5, pages 343-351
Published in print October 2011 | ISSN: 1340-2838
Published online July 2011 | e-ISSN: 1756-1663 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/dnares/dsr021

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Pig (Sus scrofa) is an important organism for both agricultural and medical purpose. This study aims to investigate the S. scrofa transcriptome by the use of Roche 454 pyrosequencing. We obtained a total of 558 743 and 528 260 reads for the back-leg muscle and ovary tissue each. The overall 1 087 003 reads give rise to 421 767 341 bp total residues averaging 388 bp per read. The de novo assemblies yielded 11 057 contigs and 60 270 singletons for the back-leg muscle, 12 204 contigs and 70 192 singletons for the ovary and 18 938 contigs and 102 361 singletons for combined tissues. The overall GC content of S. scrofa transcriptome is 42.3% for assembled contigs. Alternative splicing was found within 4394 contigs, giving rise to 1267 isogroups or genes. A total of 56 589 transcripts are involved in molecular function (40 916), biological process (38 563), cellular component (35 787) by further gene ontology analyses. Comparison analyses showed that 336 and 553 genes had significant higher expression in the back-leg muscle and ovary each. In addition, we obtained a total of 24 214 single-nucleotide polymorphisms and 11 928 simple sequence repeats. These results contribute to the understanding of the genetic makeup of S. scrofa transcriptome and provide useful information for functional genomic research in future.

Keywords: transcriptome; Sus scrofa; 454 sequencing; SNPs; SSRs

Journal Article.  4493 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics

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