Journal Article

Hanover and British Foreign Policy 1714–60

Jeremy Black

in The English Historical Review

Volume 120, issue 486, pages 303-339
Published in print April 2005 | ISSN: 0013-8266
Published online April 2005 | e-ISSN: 1477-4534 | DOI:
Hanover and British Foreign Policy 1714–60

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A study of the diplomatic and political aspects of the relationship that assesses how far Hanoverian concerns dominated British foreign policy, and also considers the consequences in terms of the debate over policy within Britain. The article notes the need to stress the contentious nature of national interest, and also the lacunae and nuances in the surviving evidence. Variations in the relationship were important: the inclinations, as well as the views, of Stanhope, Townshend, Carteret and Newcastle were very different from those of Walpole and Pelham, and these inclinations were important in framing policies and in the response to crises. Furthermore, international circumstances varied greatly, and the impact of these on the relationship is assessed. The debate over Hanoverian interests provided a way to discuss the role of the monarch and also to politicise foreign policy. Disquiet over Hanoverian interests was expressed not only by opposition critics, but also by key ministerial and diplomatic figures. It is necessary to focus on the latter in order to appreciate that more than polemics was at stake. Other difficulties in the Anglo-Hanoverian relationship are also considered, including the failure to develop commercial links and the role of corrupt favouritism.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: British History ; World History ; European History ; International History

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