Journal Article

Massive pericarditis constrictiva calcarea with compression of the right ventricle and consecutive pulmonary embolism

Thomas Butz, Hakan Yeni, Marc Van Bracht, Martin Christ, Gunnar Plehn, Sebastion Machnick, Axel Meissner and Hans-Joachim Trappe

in European Heart Journal - Cardiovascular Imaging

Published on behalf of European Society of Cardiology

Volume 10, issue 2, pages 344-346
Published in print March 2009 | ISSN: 2047-2404
Published online January 2009 | e-ISSN: 2047-2412 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejechocard/jen331
Massive pericarditis constrictiva calcarea with compression of the right ventricle and consecutive pulmonary embolism

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A 40-year-old man was admitted with a massive pericarditis constrictiva calcarea. Transthoracic and transoesophageal echocardiography demonstrated a double-layered pericardial calcification with interspacial effusion, a massive compression of the right ventricle, and a thrombus formation in the ventricle. In addition, severe pulmonary embolism due to this right ventricular thrombus formation was diagnosed by CT. This case demonstrates the importance of a multimodal imaging approach (echocardiography, TDI, MRI, CT) in the diagnosis of constrictive pericarditis and pericardial masses. In respect to the severe pericardial calcification with the massive interspacial mass, and the compression of the right ventricle with thrombus formation and consecutive pulmonary embolism, this case appears to be a very rare and uncommon clinical finding.

Keywords: Constrictive pericarditis; Tissue doppler imaging; Magnetic resonance imaging; Pulmonary embolism

Journal Article.  784 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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