Journal Article

The reliability of the Frankfort Horizontal in roentgenographic cephalometry

Hans Pancherz and Kagan Gökbuget

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 18, issue 1, pages 367-372
Published in print January 1996 | ISSN: 0141-5387
e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
The reliability of the Frankfort Horizontal in roentgenographic cephalometry

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This longitudinal investigation was undertaken to assess the reliability of the Frankfort Horizontal line (FH) when using either anatomical Porion (Po-a) or machine Porion (Po-m) as reference landmarks. Lateral head films (22 pairs) from subjects at the ages of 11 and 14 years were analysed twice. The results revealed that: (i) the registration error of PO-a was larger than of Po-m; (ii) for Po-a the registration error from the 11 year head films was approximately twice as large as from the 14 year head films; (iii) Po-m was, on average, located˜9 mm b elow and 2 mm anterior to Po-a; (iv) during the 3 years of observation. Po-m changed its position downward markedly more than Po-a; (v) due to the diverging location of machine Porion {Po-m} in relation to true Porion (Po-a) and the large change of Po-m with time, the FH was affected considerably. It was concluded that machine Porion was unsuitable for the construction of the FH. A misjudgement of the reference line may result in diagnostic misinterpretations and lead to false conclusions in longitudinal studies, e.g. when the outcome of a particular treatment procedure is evaluated.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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