Journal Article

The effect of violin playing on the bony facial structures in adolescents

Outi Kovero, Mauno Könönen and Sinikka Pirinen

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 19, issue 4, pages 369-375
Published in print August 1997 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online August 1997 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
The effect of violin playing on the bony facial structures in adolescents

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Holding a violin between shoulder and chin needs a special kind of muscle function. The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether this kind of muscular activity is a modifying factor for facial growth in adolescence.

The bony facial dimensions of 24 adolescent violin students attending colleges of music with a playing history of 5–11 years were measured from lateral and posteroanterior cephalograms and panoramic tomograms of the jaws. The dimensions were compared with those of sex- and age-matched controls.

Significant differences were found between violin players and controls. The players had higher faces, especially on the right side of the lower face and in the right mandibular ramus. The players also had more proclined upper and lower incisors than the controls.

It is concluded that the overall greater facial height in violinists reflects the increased face muscle activity and the higher bony dimensions of the right side of the face are due to the muscular activity produced on that side to balance the load caused by the violin on the left. The greater proclination of the incisors is the result of an altered balance of muscular activity between tongue and lip, and the pressure of the violin to the chin.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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