Journal Article

Alveolar bone grafting: a review of 115 patients

M Collins, DR James and M Mars

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 20, issue 2, pages 115-120
Published in print April 1998 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online April 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/20.2.115
Alveolar bone grafting: a review of 115 patients

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The results of alveolar bone grafting carried out at The Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street, London, UK, between January 1982 and January 1989 were assessed. Cancellous bone from the iliac crest was grafted to alveolar cleft defects in 115 patients (63 male and 52 female). Eighty-seven unilateral (58 left and 29 right) and bilateral clefts were operated on. The mean age at the time of operation was 11.5 years, with a range of 8.08-18.75 years. The cleft canine had erupted prior to bone grafting in 58.4 per cent. At the time of this study the cleft had erupted in 96.35 per cent and was unerupted in 3.65 per cent of sites. Radiographs were taken at regular intervals and assessed according to previously reported criteria. Eighty-six per cent were clinically successful (Type I and II). In Type III 10.95 per cent had less than three-quarters of the normal interdental septal height and 2.18 per cent failed (Type IV). In addition, 3.6 per cent of sites showed cervical root resorption affecting the adjacent incisor and 1.4 per cent internal resorption of the cleft canine.

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Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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