Journal Article

Third molar impaction in extraction cases treated with the Begg technique

D Erdem, E Özdiler, UT Memikoglu and E Baspinar

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 20, issue 3, pages 263-270
Published in print June 1998 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online June 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
Third molar impaction in extraction cases treated with the Begg technique

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The aim of this study was to investigate the differences between two groups of patients with either erupted or impacted mandibular third molars before and after orthodontic treatment. All patients were treated with Begg appliances following extraction of the four first premolars. The erupted group consisted of 14 subjects and the impacted group 13 subjects.

Lateral cephalometric films, peri-apical radiographs, orthopantomographs and orthodontic casts of each subject were taken before and after treatment. Thirteen measurements were carried out on the lateral cephalometric radiographs.

The results revealed slightly more vertical growth and a smaller mandibular arc angle in the erupted group at pre-treatment, and also a more upright lower third molar position and slightly greater distance between the distal point of the lower second molars and the centre of ramus (Xi) in the same group. In the course of treatment, mandibular third molars seemed less likely to erupt when the condyle grew vertically. The lesser resorption on the anterior border of the ramus might have played a part in this finding. In addition, a greater mesial inclination of the mandibular third molars might be an indication of the tendency for these teeth to be impacted in the present study.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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