Journal Article

The initial effects of the treatment of Class II, division 1 malocclusions with the van Beek activator compared with the effects of the Herren activator and an activator-headgear combination

Elisabeth Altenburger and Bengt Ingervall

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 20, issue 4, pages 389-397
Published in print August 1998 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online August 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/20.4.389
The initial effects of the treatment of Class II, division 1 malocclusions with the van Beek activator compared with the effects of the Herren activator and an activator-headgear combination

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The effects of the van Beek activator in the correction of Class II, division 1 malocclusions were studied in 39 children, aged 9–13 years (median 11 years), and compared with the effects of treatment with an activator according to Herren and with those of an activator-headgear combination. Profile cephalograms were made before treatment and at the attainment of a Class I molar relationship (median observation time 9 months).

The median improvement of the overjet was 4.7 mm and of the molar relationship 3.6 mm. This was largely achieved skeletally by an increase in mandibular prognathism while the skeletal effect on the maxilla was clinically insignificant. The maxillary incisors retroclined and the mandibular incisors proclined moderately. In general, no intrusion of the maxillary incisors was found and the eruption of the molars could not be stopped. The effects differed partly between the sexes, with a larger mandibular skeletal and molar reaction in boys, and a larger maxillary molar movement in girls. The larger mandibular reaction in the boys might have been due to the on average 4.5 months longer treatment time. The skeletal effects of the treatment were similar with all three activator types. The control of the incisors was, however, superior with the van Beek activator, especially when compared with the Herren activator.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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