Journal Article

Lower arch crowding in the third decade

ME Richardson and JS Gormley

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 20, issue 5, pages 597-607
Published in print October 1998 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online October 1998 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
Lower arch crowding in the third decade

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Lower arch crowding and dimensions were measured on study models of 46 untreated subjects, 20 male and 26 female, at age 18 years (T1), 21 years (T2), and 28 years (T3), and the changes during the observation periods calculated. Only very small changes, few of them detectable clinically, were found. The findings are discussed in relation to the changes reported in untreated subjects in other age groups and in orthodontically-treated subjects after retention.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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