Journal Article

Properties of crimpable archwire hooks: a laboratory investigation

A Johal, CR Harper and M Sherriff

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 21, issue 6, pages 679-683
Published in print December 1999 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online December 1999 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
Properties of crimpable archwire hooks: a laboratory investigation

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  • Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics


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The aim of the present study was to utilize a strain gauge, which enabled the force applied to produce firmly attached crimpable hooks to rectangular stainless steel archwires, to be measured. In vitro testing of two hooks, American Orthodontic (AO) and TP Orthodontic (TP), and two dimensions of stainless steel archwire, 0.019 x 0.025 and 0.018 x 0.025-inch, was carried out using an Instron Universal Testing machine.

The results demonstrate that there was a significant difference in the behaviour of the two types of crimpable hooks, with almost twice the force needed to dislodge the TP hooks compared with the AO hooks (11.7 and 6.22 N, respectively). When using TP hooks attached to either 0.019 x 0.025 or 0.018 x 0.025-inch stainless steel wires, the archwire size makes little difference to the force required to produce movement. The clinical significance of these findings is discussed.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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