Journal Article

Persistence of deciduous molars in subjects with agenesis of the second premolars

K Ith-Hansen and I Kjær

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 22, issue 3, pages 239-243
Published in print June 2000 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online June 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/22.3.239
Persistence of deciduous molars in subjects with agenesis of the second premolars

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The purpose of the present study was to investigate persistent primary second molars in a group of young people in their late twenties with agenesis of one or two second premolars.

In 1982-83 it was decided, in connection with the orthodontic evaluation of 25 patients, to allow 35 primary molars (one or two in each patient) to remain in situ. All patients had mixed dentitions and agenesis of one or two premolars. The primary teeth were generally in good condition, although root resorption and infra-occlusion (compensated by occlusal composite onlays) occurred.

In 1997, 18 of the 25 patients with a total of 26 retained primary molars were re-examined, comprising a clinical examination for exfoliation, extraction, loosening, and ankylosis, and a radiographic examination for root resorption, tooth morphology (crown and root), and alveolar bone contour).

The examination showed that the degree of root resorption was unaltered in 20 of the 26 primary molars. In the permanent dentitions, where these primary molars persisted, there were no morphological deviations. Three of the six remaining primary molars had been extracted and three showed extensive resorption. In three of the 26 primary molars the infra-occlusion had worsened.

The present study shows that persistence of primary second molars in subjects with agenesis of one or two premolars, and normal morphology of the permanent dentition can be an acceptable, semi-permanent solution for the patient. Whether this could also be an acceptable long-term solution will be shown by follow-up studies.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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