Journal Article

Effect of a static magnetic field on orthodontic tooth movement in the rat

BS Tengku, BK Joseph, D Harbrow, AAR Taverne and AL Symons

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 22, issue 5, pages 475-487
Published in print October 2000 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online October 2000 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI:
Effect of a static magnetic field on orthodontic tooth movement in the rat

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Orthodontic tooth movement may be enhanced by the application of a magnetic field. Bone remodelling necessary for orthodontic tooth movement involves clastic cells, which are tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) positive and which may also be regulated by growth hormone (GH) via its receptor (GHR). The aim of this study was to determine the effect of a static magnetic field (SMF) on orthodontic tooth movement in the rat. Thirty-two male Wistar rats, 9 weeks old, were fitted with an orthodontic appliance directing a mesial force of 30 g on the left maxillary first molar. The appliance incorporated a weight (NM) or a magnet (M). The animals were killed at 1, 3, 7, or 14 days post-appliance insertion, and the maxillae processed to paraffin. Sagittal sections of the first molar were stained with haematoxylin and eosin (H&E), for TRAP activity or immunohistochemically for GHR. The percentage body weight loss/gain, magnetic flux density, tooth movement, width of the periodontal ligament (PDL), length of root resporption lacunae, and hyalinized zone were measured. TRAP and GHR-positive cells along the alveolar bone, root surface, and in the PDL space were counted.

The incorporation of a SMF (100-170 Gauss) into an orthodontic appliance did not enhance tooth movement, nor greatly alter the histological appearance of the PDL during tooth movement. However significantly root resorption (P=0.016), increased width of the PDL (P=0.017) and greater TRAP activity (P=0.001) were observed for group M at day 7 on the compression side. At day 14 no differences were observed between the appliance groups.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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