Journal Article

Correlation between eminence steepness and condyle disc movements in temporomandibular joints with internal derangements on magnetic resonance imaging

Hatice Gökalp, Hakan Türkkahraman and Nureddin Bzeizi

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 23, issue 5, pages 579-584
Published in print October 2001 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online October 2001 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/23.5.579
Correlation between eminence steepness and condyle disc movements in temporomandibular joints with internal derangements on magnetic resonance imaging

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A steep articular eminence is reported to be a predisposing factor for the development of disc displacement. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biomechanics of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in internal derangements and, additionally, to investigate whether a relationship exists between the steepness of the articular eminence and disc displacement, with (DDR) and without reduction (DDWR).

The material consisted of the sagittal TMJ magnetic resonance images (MRIs) of 39 joints (26 DDR and 13 DDWR). Sagittal and coronal TMJ MRIs were obtained at maximum inter‐cuspation and in the maximum mouth‐opening position. The steepness of the articular eminence, disc, and condyle rotation, and condyle translation were investigated. A Student's t‐test was performed and correlation coefficients calculated.

The results revealed an increase in disc rotation in the DDR group and in condyle translation in the DDWR group (P < 0.01). Condyle rotation and the steepness of the articular eminence were similar in both groups. Disc rotation was positively correlated with condyle rotation and negatively correlated with condyle translation in the DDR group (P < 0.05, r = 0.44). Condyle translation was positively correlated with steepness of the articular eminence in the DDWR group (P < 0.01, r = 0.74). There was no correlation between movements of the disc‐condyle assembly and the steepness of the articular eminence in the DDR group. Nevertheless, a relationship between condyle translation and the steepness of the articular eminence was found in the DDWR subjects.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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