Journal Article

Bite force in pre‐orthodontic children with unilateral crossbite

Liselotte Sonnesen, Merete Bakke and Beni

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 23, issue 6, pages 741-749
Published in print December 2001 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online December 2001 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/23.6.741
Bite force in pre‐orthodontic children with unilateral crossbite

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In the present study bite force was examined in pre‐orthodontic children with unilateral posterior crossbite and compared with an age‐ and sex‐matched control group. The sample comprised 52 children aged 7–13 years, 26 pre‐orthodontic children with unilateral posterior crossbite (crossbite group), and 26 children with neutral occlusion (control group). Unilateral bite force was measured at the first molar by means of a pressure transducer. Furthermore, symptoms and signs of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and number of teeth in contact in the intercuspal position (ICP) were recorded.

In both groups, the maximum bite force increased significantly with age and with increasing stages of dental eruption, but the bite force in both sexes did not differ significantly. There were no significant differences in bite force between sides, but this was significantly smaller in the crossbite group than in the controls (P < 0.001). Regression analysis showed that stage of dental eruption (P < 0.001), number of teeth in occlusal contact (P < 0.01), and unilateral crossbite (P < 0.001) were the only variables significantly correlated with bite force. The number of teeth in contact was significantly smaller in the crossbite group than in the controls (P < 0.05) and the frequency of muscle tenderness was significantly higher in the crossbite group than in the controls (P < 0.05). These results suggest that differences in the muscle function associated with unilateral crossbite lead to a significantly smaller bite force in the crossbite group compared with controls and this difference did not diminish with age and development. These findings indicate that early treatment of unilateral posterior crossbite is advisable to optimize conditions for function.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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