Journal Article

An experimental study on mandibular expansion: increases in arch width and perimeter

Mitsuru Motoyoshi, Masayuki Hirabayashi, Takahisa Shimazaki and Shinkichi Namura

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 24, issue 2, pages 125-130
Published in print April 2002 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online April 2002 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/24.2.125
An experimental study on mandibular expansion: increases in arch width and perimeter

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The purpose of this study was to estimate the increase in arch perimeter associated with mandibular lateral expansion. The mandibular expansion was simulated using a three‐dimensional (3D) finite element method (FEM) and a computer graphics technique (3D simulation). The centre of rotation of molars during movement accompanied by lateral expansion was calculated using 3D FEM. The geometry of the model was determined using the mandibular bone of an East Indian skeletal specimen and 1 mm computer tomogram (CT) slices. The 3D set‐up simulation was then conducted using 3D computer graphics instead of performing a manual set‐up. Rotational movement was induced in the buccal segment, from the first premolar to second molar, in the 3D set‐up model around the location of the centre of rotation (4.5 mm below the root apex of the first molar) derived from the FEM.

According to 3D simulation, the model showed an opening space of 1.43 mm between the canine and first premolar, and thus a change in arch perimeter of 2.86 mm. The tip of the mesio‐lingual cusp of the first molar moved 3.88 mm laterally, resulting in a change in inter‐molar width of 7.76 mm. These values mean that a 1 mm increase in arch width resulted in an increase in arch perimeter of 0.37 mm. This result would be of value clinically for prediction of the effects of mandibular expansion.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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