Journal Article

Correlation between facial morphology, mouth opening ability, and condylar movement during opening–closing jaw movements in female adults with normal occlusion

T. Fukui, M. Tsuruta, K. Murata, Y. Wakimoto, H. Tokiwa and Y. Kuwahara

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 24, issue 4, pages 327-336
Published in print August 2002 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online August 2002 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/24.4.327
Correlation between facial morphology, mouth opening ability, and condylar movement during opening–closing jaw movements in female adults with normal occlusion

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The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between parameters of facial morphology, maximal voluntary mouth opening ability, and condylar movements in 21 adult females, aged between 20 and 24 years. The subjects had a normal occlusion without sign or symptoms of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. Mandibular movements were recorded using an opto‐electric jaw movement recording system with six degrees of freedom under a series of maximal mouth opening–closing movements. Maximal jaw opening and coincident condylar movement were measured three‐dimensionally. The mean values of the incisor and condylar path were 41.1 ± 3.5 mm (range 35.6–50.9 mm) and 12.8 ± 2.8 mm (range 8.1–19.2 mm), respectively. Although the positive correlation between maximal jaw opening and facial morphology was significant, none of the variables significantly differed between the value of the condylar path and facial morphology. The length of the path of maximum incisor movement and the condylar path during mandibular movement also did not correlate. Stepwise multiple regression analysis indicated a positive association between the maximal length of the incisor path and the cephalometric value of mandibular ramus inclination (R2 value was 0.369). The results of this study suggest that facial morphology size has a limited effect on maximal voluntary mandibular opening and condylar movements in normal adult female subjects.

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Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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