Journal Article

Effective temporomandibular joint growth and chin position changes: Activator versus Herbst treatment. A cephalometric roentgenographic study

Sandra Baltromejus, Sabine Ruf and Hans Pancherz

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 24, issue 6, pages 627-637
Published in print December 2002 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online December 2002 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/24.6.627
Effective temporomandibular joint growth and chin position changes: Activator versus Herbst treatment. A cephalometric roentgenographic study

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In 138 successfully treated Class II division 1 patients (40 Activator and 98 Herbst) effective temporomandibular joint (TMJ) growth changes (a summation of condylar remodelling, glenoid fossa remodelling, and condylar position changes within the fossa), and their influence on the position of the chin and the rotation of the mandible were analysed retrospectively. Lateral head films in habitual occlusion from before and after an average treatment period of 2.6 years for the Activator patients and 0.6 years for the Herbst patients were evaluated. Two different treatment changes were assessed: (1) overall growth changes and (2) treatment effects (overall growth changes minus age‐related normal growth values: Bolton Standards).

The comparison between the Activator and the Herbst group revealed larger effective TMJ and chin changes during Activator therapy due to the longer observation period (2.6 years versus 0.6 years). The treatment effects showed marked group differences for both the amount and direction of effective TMJ changes. The changes were vertical and slightly anterior in the Activator group, and predominantly posterior in the Herbst group. Concerning the chin changes, the treatment effects for the Herbst group exceeded those for the Activator group in both directions, caudally and anteriorly. The Activator group showed an anterior rotation and the Herbst group a slight posterior rotation of the mandible. The present investigation revealed that the effective TMJ and chin changes were increased by both Activator and Herbst treatment. However, the Herbst appliance renders more favourable sagittally orientated treatment effects in a much shorter period of time compared with the Activator.

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Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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