Journal Article

The effect of changes in tooth position of unerupted canines on cephalograms

V. Gavel and L. Dermaut

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 25, issue 1, pages 49-56
Published in print February 2003 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online February 2003 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/25.1.49
The effect of changes in tooth position of unerupted canines on cephalograms

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Although many radiographic procedures have been described to localize an impacted canine, they all submit the patient to extra radiation. The purpose of the entire study was to evaluate if the combined interpretation of cephalograms and dental panoramic tomograms (DPTs), which are used in orthodontic practice, can provide adequate information as to the position of impacted canines. In a previous study the radiographic image of impacted canines on DPTs was evaluated. In this investigation, the effect of changes in position and inclination of an impacted canine on cephalograms was studied in an experimental set‐up.

An upper canine was removed from a human skull and placed in a positioning device to imitate various positions of impaction. Starting from a buccally impacted position, three different displacements were simulated: 10 mm frontally, 10 mm sagittally, and 5 mm vertically. In each of these positions nine different changes in inclination (in the sagittal and the frontal plane) were registered, resulting in 36 different cephalographic exposures.

Analysis revealed the following: the degree of vertical and sagittal displacement of the incisal point of the impacted canine, the angulation of the tooth as well as the tooth length, measured on a cephalogram, appeared to give an accurate representation of the experimental set‐up. Combining these findings and those from the previous study, it became possible to define a series of points to enable an adequate three‐dimensional (3D) estimation of the canine's position. A clinical case of an impacted canine is used as an illustration of this experimental set‐up.

Journal Article.  0 words. 

Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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