Journal Article

The <i>in vitro</i> detection of early enamel de‐ and re‐mineralization adjacent to bonded orthodontic cleats using quantitative light‐induced fluorescence

I. A. Pretty, N. Pender, W. M. Edgar and S. M. Higham

in The European Journal of Orthodontics

Published on behalf of European Orthodontics Society

Volume 25, issue 3, pages 217-223
Published in print June 2003 | ISSN: 0141-5387
Published online June 2003 | e-ISSN: 1460-2210 | DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ejo/25.3.217
The in vitro detection of early enamel de‐ and re‐mineralization adjacent to bonded orthodontic cleats using quantitative light‐induced fluorescence

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The purpose of this study was to determine whether quantitative light‐induced fluorescence (QLF) could detect very early demineralization and remineralization longitudinally adjacent to orthodontic components in an in vitro model. Extracted human premolars (n = 13) were sectioned sagittally to produce two equal halves and an orthodontic cleat was bonded to the buccal surface of each tooth. Transparent nail varnish was placed over the remaining surface, leaving exposed enamel windows adjacent to the cleat on the coronal and gingival aspects. Each half‐tooth was placed into the lid of an Eppendorf tube and randomly assigned to either control (distilled water) or experimental (lactic acid demineralizing buffer, pH 4.5) regimes. Digital photographs and QLF baseline images were taken. The tubes were mounted into a rotating holder and left for 24 hours. QLF and digital photographs were taken, the solutions refreshed and the teeth returned. This was continued every 48 hours for 288 hours. At this time the lactic acid buffer was replaced with a remineralizing solution (artificial saliva, fluoride, calcium) and the experiment continued with weekly examinations. QLF images were analysed and ΔQ at the 5 per cent threshold recorded.

Analysis of the QLF images showed that both demineralization and remineralization were identified and monitored. Statistical differences between each of the timed examinations were found (P < 0.05). Analysis of the photographs demonstrated that QLF detected subclinical lesions. This initial pilot study has demonstrated the potential for QLF to longitudinally monitor de‐ and re‐mineralization of enamel adjacent to orthodontic cleats in vitro.

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Subjects: Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics

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